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Glossary

A comprehensive guide for technical terminology

Real Estate Terms

Term
Definition
Accredited Investor
An individual or a business entity that is allowed to trade securities that may not be registered with financial authorities. They are entitled to this privileged access by satisfying at least one requirements regarding their income, net worth, asset size, governance status or professional experience.
Anti-money Laundering (AML)
Refers to the laws, regulations and procedures intended to prevent criminals from disguising illegally obtained funds as legitimate income.
Conveyance
The act of transferring property from one party to another. The term is commonly used in real estate transactions when buyers and sellers transfer ownership of land, building, or home. A conveyance is done using an instrument of conveyance—a legal document such as a contract, lease, title, or a deed
Multi-Family Housing
A classification of housing where multiple separate housing units for residential inhabitants are contained within one building or several buildings within one complex
Real Estate Investment Trust (REIT)
A real estate investment trust is a company that owns, and in most cases operates, income-producing real estate.
Securities and Exchange Commission
Is an independent federal government regulatory agency responsible for protecting investors, maintaining fair and orderly functioning of the securities markets, and facilitating capital formation
Syndicate
A syndicate is a form of investing where general partners (the deal’s sponsors) will solicit private investors to raise enough capital in order to buy the building they are targeting.
Unencumbered
An asset or property that is free and clear of any encumbrances, such as creditor claims or liens.

Blockchain Terms

Term
Definition
Blockchain
A digital record of transactions. The name comes from its structure, in which individual records, called blocks, are linked together in single list, called a chain
Decentralized App (Dapp)
Applications which are enabled by smart contracts, self-executing agreements that remove the need for a centralized intermediary
Distributed Ledger
A distributed ledger is a database that is consensually shared and synchronized across multiple sites, institutions, or geographies, accessible by multiple people. It allows transactions to have public "witnesses"
Fungible
The ability of a good or asset to be interchanged with other individual goods or assets of the same type. Fungible assets simplify the exchange and trade processes, as fungibility implies equal value between the assets.
Hash
A “digital fingerprint” of data; it represents but does not disclose the original data. It is used to verify the authenticity of data.
Security Token
Security tokens are digital assets that derive their value from an external asset that can be traded. These are subject to Federal laws that govern security.
Smart Contracts
Computerized transaction protocol that executes the terms of a contract, specifically, consolidating all the functions of notaries and brokers into one autonomous function.
Peer-to-Peer (P2P)
A type of networking that is a distributed application architecture that partitions tasks or workloads between peers. Peers are equally privileged, equipotent participants in the application.
Tokenization
The process of converting physical (and non-physical) assets into digital tokens on a blockchain
Tokens
A digital token on the blockchain that represents a physical asset
Utility Token
Utility tokens are user tokens or app coins. This is a token that is given out during crowdsales as a project executes an ICO.

Technology Terms

Technology
Definition
Avalanche (AVAX)
Avalanche is an open-source platform for launching highly decentralized applications, new financial primitives, and new interoperable blockchains.
Ethereum (ETH)
A decentralized platform that runs smart contracts
IPFS
A peer-to-peer hypermedia protocol to make the web faster, safer, and more open
Truffle Framework
A development environment, testing framework and asset pipeline for Ethereum. It has built-in smart contract compilation, linking, deployment and binary management.
Ganache
A personal blockchain for Ethereum development. It is used to deploy contracts, develop applications, and run tests.
OpenZepplin
Helps you minimize risk by using battle-tested libraries of smart contracts for Ethereum and other blockchains. It includes the most used implementations of ERC standards.